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Ophthalmology is the medical domain that treats diseases related to eye and orbit. Apart from providing treatment for eye diseases, an ophthalmologist, the eye specialist, also aids towards vision correction by prescribing glasses, and contact lenses.

Some of the eye disorders that are treated by an ophthalmologist are

  • Refractive error such as myopia, presbyopia, hypermetropia etc.
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataract
  • Dry eyes
  • Macular degeneration
  • Uveitis
  • Strabismus- misalignment of eyes)
  • Proptosis (bulged eyes)
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Excessive tearing (nasolacrimal duct obstruction)
  • Eye tumors

The treatment often includes prescribed eye drops, pills, vision aiding implants and tools. Very often surgery is required to correct it. Some of the common eye procedures performed include-

Cataract Surgery

Cataracts lead to the cloudiness of the lens, resulting in blurry and dull vision. During this outpatient procedure, the cloudy lens is replaced with an artificial one.


Acronyms for Laser-Assisted in SItu Keratomileusis is done in order to preserve the vision without the need for glasses or lens. During this procedure, a mass of tissues from the cornea. is removed to refocus the vision.

Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma onset due to damage to the optic nerve and left untreated can cause vision loss. The surgical procedure is often outpatient and is done to reduce the pressure of the eye.


Acronyms for photorefractive keratectomy is yet another refractive surgery preserve the vision without the need for glasses or lens.

Diabetic Retinopathy Surgery

Unresolved and persistent diabetes and blood sugar can cause damage blood vessels in the eyes, resulting in blood leakage in the retina and a condition like floaters. The surgery treats the same and mitigates further blood vessel leaks.