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Orthopedics

Orthopedics

At Ajara the department of Orthopaedics having a reputed team of surgeons dealing with the injuries related to musculoskeletal system.

The most common procedures performed by our surgeons are as follows:

  • Knee arthroscopy and meniscectomy
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and decompression
  • Carpal tunnel release
  • Knee arthroscopy and chondroplasty
  • Removal of support implant
  • Knee arthroscopy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Knee replacement
  • Repair of femoral neck fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture
  • Debridement of skin/muscle/bone/fracture
  • Knee arthroscopy repair of both menisci
  • Hip replacement
  • Shoulder arthroscopy/distal clavicle excision
  • Repair of rotator cuff tendon
  • Repair fracture of radius (bone)/ulna
  • Laminectomy
  • Repair of ankle fracture (bimalleolar type)
  • Shoulder arthroscopy and débridement
  • Lumbar spinal fusion
  • Repair fracture of the distal part of radius
  • Low back intervertebral disc surgery
  • Incise finger tendon sheath
  • Repair of ankle fracture (fibula)
  • Repair of femoral shaft fracture
  • Repair of trochanteric fracture

Knee & Joint Replacement

Knee joint replacement is a surgery to replace a knee joint with a man-made artificial joint. The artificial joint is called a prosthesis.

Damaged cartilage and bone are removed from the knee joint. Man-made pieces are then placed in the knee.

These pieces may be placed in the following places in the knee joint:

  • Lower end of the thigh bone -- This bone is called the femur. The replacement part is usually made of metal.
  • Upper end of the shin bone, which is the large bone in your lower leg -- This bone is called the tibia. The replacement part is usually made from metal and strong plastic.
  • Back side of your kneecap -- Your kneecap is called the patella. The replacement part is usually made from a strong plastic.

You will not feel any pain during the surgery. You will have one of these two types of anesthesia:

  • General anesthesia -- This means you will be asleep and unable to feel pain.
  • Regional (spinal or epidural) anesthesia -- Medicine is put into your back to make you numb below your waist. You will also get medicine to make you sleepy. And you may get medicine that will make you forget about the procedure, even though you are not fully asleep.

After you receive anesthesia, your surgeon will make a cut over your knee to open it up. This cut is often 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 centimeters) long. Then your surgeon will:

  • Move your kneecap (patella) out of the way, then cut the ends of your thigh bone and shin (lower leg) bone to fit the replacement part.
  • Cut the underside of your kneecap to prepare it for the new pieces that will be attached there.
  • Fasten the two parts of the prosthesis to your bones. One part will be attached to the end of your thigh bone and the other part will be attached to your shin bone. The pieces can be attached using bone cement or screws.
  • Attach the underside of your kneecap. A special bone cement is used to attach this part.
  • Repair your muscles and tendons around the new joint and close the surgical cut.